Egypt

Egypt, Greece, and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient by Charles Freeman

By Charles Freeman

Lengthy resources of puzzle, mind's eye, and concept, the myths and heritage of the traditional Mediterranean have given upward push to creative, spiritual, cultural, and highbrow traditions that span the centuries. during this detailed and accomplished creation to the region's 3 significant civilizations, Egypt, Greece, and Rome attracts a desirable photograph of the deep hyperlinks among the cultures around the Mediterranean and explores the ways that those civilizations remain influential to today. starting with the emergence of the earliest Egyptian civilization round 3500 BC, Charles Freeman follows the heritage of the Mediterranean over a span of 4 millennia to advert six hundred, past the autumn of the Roman empire within the west to the emergence of the Byzantine empire within the east. as well as the 3 nice civilizations, the peoples of the traditional close to East and different lesser-known cultures equivalent to the Etruscans, Celts, Persians, and Phoenicians are explored. the writer examines the paintings, structure, philosophy, literature, and spiritual practices of every tradition, set opposed to its social, political, and fiscal historical past. greater than an outline of the first political or army occasions, Egypt, Greece, and Rome will pay specific cognizance to the particular lives of either the typical individual and the aristocracy: here's historical past dropped at lifestyles. specially impressive are the readable and stimulating profiles of key members through the historic global, overlaying folks from Homer to Horace, the Pharaoh Akhenaten to the emperor Augustus, Alexander the nice to Julius Caesar, Jesus to Justinian, and Aristotle to Augustine. Generously illustrated in either colour and black-and-white, and drawing at the most recent scholarship, Egypt, Greece and Rome is a wonderful advent for a person looking a greater realizing of the civilizations of the traditional Mediterranean and their legacy to the West.

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Extra resources for Egypt, Greece, and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean

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From Aeschylus to Aristotle 218 15. The Struggle for Power, 431-338 BC 240 16. Alexander of Macedon and the Expansion of the Greek World 257 17. The Hellenistic World 274 Interlude Two. Celts and Parthians 294 18. The Etruscans and Early Rome 299 19. Rome becomes a Mediterranean Power 319 20. From the Gracchi to Caesar, 133-55 BC 337 Interlude Three. Voices from the Republic 358 21. The Fall of the Roman Republic, 55-31 BC 362 Interlude Four. Women in the Roman Republic 377 22. Augustus and the Founding of Empire 381 23.

The texts of the classical authors do, of course, remain essential. The histories of Herodotus, Thucydides, Polybius, Tacitus, and, in late antiquity, of Ammianus Marcellinus and Procopius, as well as many others, all provide detailed narratives which are unlikely to be surpassed by any other form of evidence. The works of philosophers and poets, at both a private and a public level, survive in some quantity, making it possible to reconstruct something of the mentality of the small cultured élite who produced them.

I still have over a hundred books from the libraries of these scholars and marvel at the ease with which they must have devoured Greek and Latin texts. I never -vii- developed their expertise even though I went to a school which prided itself on its classics teaching. It boasted, in 1965, no less than thirty-seven teachers of classics as against only thirty-two mathematicians and scientists. Until we were allowed to specialize at the age of 16 there were almost as many classes in Latin and Greek as in all other subjects put together.

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