Egypt and American Foreign Assistance 1952–1956: Hopes by J. Alterman

By J. Alterman

From the floor up the tale of overlooked possibilities, combined messages, and mutual frustrations in American family with Egypt at a seminal time. extraordinary in its drawing on Egyptian legit assets, Hopes Dashed sheds new mild at the problems and demanding situations of a nascent courting characterised by way of neglected possibilities, combined messages, and mutual frustrations. in spite of the fact that important the intentions of these at the floor, their wish for Egyptian financial improvement used to be stymied through bureaucratic hindrances either in Egypt and the U.S.. And as Egypt turned embroiled within the chilly struggle, coverage judgements more and more have been made at larger degrees by way of officers extra enthusiastic about geopolitical and Arab-Israeli concerns and not more how U.S. assistance may perhaps aid the household political economic climate of Egypt. Alterman compellingly indicates how the pursuits of either international locations diverged to finally undermine an early American try out at financial suggestions.

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S. 47 Point Four The famous fourth point of President Truman’s inaugural address in January 1949—his call for an ambitious program of technical assistance to the developing world—was not the result of a long, drawn-out planning process. More than anything, it was the product of happenstance. A State Department aide named Ben Hardy tried to incorporate a high-profile technical assistance program into a version of Truman’s speech that he was helping draft. Higher-ups in the State Department clearance process deleted it, because they felt it was too vague and optimistic.

The problem with his plan, as Baran himself noted, was that governments in poor countries were often too corrupt to administer accumulated state capital efficiently and were generally composed of people sympathetic to (if not members of ) the dominant capitalist class. In order to push for development, Baran argued, the United States would have to forge wholly new alliances with peasants and workers and push for political and economic change. 18 The most ambitious study of economic development to emerge in the early 1950s was a United Nations report entitled Measures for the Economic Development of Under-developed Areas.

S. 78 In such an environment, then, it was important not only to promote long-term change, but also to have something to show for one’s efforts rather quickly. S. government had been caught flat-footed. As was mentioned earlier, Point Four had not risen out of the bureaucracy but had been imposed upon it from above. The spring of 1949, therefore, was a time of hurried decision making and bureaucratic infighting as agencies designed plans to implement the presidential initiative. It was not until late June that President Truman submitted legislation to Congress implementing the Point Four program.

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