Egypt

Egypt: A Short History by Robert L. Tignor

By Robert L. Tignor

This is a sweeping, colourful, and concise narrative historical past of Egypt from the start of human payment within the Nile River valley 5000 years in the past to the current day. available, authoritative, and richly illustrated, this is often a great advent and consultant to Egypt's lengthy, excellent, and complicated background for basic readers, travelers, and someone else who desires a greater realizing of this vivid and interesting nation, person who has performed a principal position in international historical past for millennia--and that keeps to take action today.

revered historian Robert Tignor, who has lived in Egypt at diversified occasions over the process 5 a long time, covers all of the significant eras of the country's historical, sleek, and up to date background. A cradle of civilization, old Egypt constructed a special and influential tradition that featured a centralized monarchy, refined artwork and expertise, and huge structure within the type of pyramids and temples. however the nice age of the pharaohs is simply the start of the tale and Egypt: a quick History additionally provides a wealthy account of the tumultuous heritage that followed--from Greek and Roman conquests, the increase of Christianity, Arab-Muslim triumph, and Egypt's incorporation into robust Islamic empires to Napoleon's 1798 invasion, the country's absorption into the British Empire, and smooth, postcolonial Egypt less than Nasser, Sadat, and Mubarak.

This e-book presents an imperative key to Egypt in all its layers--ancient and glossy, Greek and Roman, and Christian and Islamic. In a brand new afterword the writer analyzes the new unrest in Egypt and weighs in on what the rustic may seem like after Mubarak.

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A privileged and wealthy class emerged. Its members engaged in hunting activities not in order to support themselves but as a symbol of their rank and their prestige. Some members of this group promoted longdistance trade, as the well-to-do sought to obtain luxury commodities from afar. Specialized artisans produced wares for the rest of society, fashioning more elaborate commodities for the well-to-do. The wealthy and powerful were now buried in larger, more elaborate tombs. Their bodies were surrounded by many of the very same objects of beauty and pleasure that they had enjoyed during their lives.

They also constitute the oldest religious writings and literature of the ancient Egyptians and provide an invaluable window into the spiritual lives and the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians. ” They also reveal just how deeply indebted the great monotheistic religions of the Near East (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) were to the ethical tenets of their Egyptian predecessors. The pyramid texts, as they are known today, stressed filial piety and extolled righteous and orderly behavior. The virtue that they most frequently underscored was encapsulated in the Egyptian word maat, which many have translated as righteousness, justice, and truth.

6 million would have produced an economic catastrophe for the rest of Egypt. A more likely scenario is that the pharaoh created a permanent workforce, probably numbering 21,000 at the beginning, when the largest quantity of stones had to be put in place at the base of the pyramid, and falling off to 4,000 for the last stage of the construction. ” At that rate, they would have finished the task in fourteen years, not the twenty that Herodotus claimed. The workmanship in the three pyramids of Giza was of the highest quality, especially that of the great pyramid of Khufu, which stands as the most impressive monument from the Old Kingdom period.

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