Economics

Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services: 10th by Eetu Luoma (auth.), Jörn Altmann, Kurt Vanmechelen, Omer F.

By Eetu Luoma (auth.), Jörn Altmann, Kurt Vanmechelen, Omer F. Rana (eds.)

This booklet constitutes the refereed lawsuits of the tenth overseas convention on Economics of Grids, Clouds, structures, and prone, GECON 2013, held in Zaragoza, Spain, in September 2013.The 20 revised complete papers offered have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from various submissions. The papers are geared up within the following topical sections: enterprise types, strength intake, source allocation, paintings in development on source allocation, paintings in growth on pricing, caliber of provider, paintings in development on software and ROI modeling.

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Additional info for Economics of Grids, Clouds, Systems, and Services: 10th International Conference, GECON 2013, Zaragoza, Spain, September 18-20, 2013. Proceedings

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We decided to apply the cost model here because the internal infrastructure details and pricing for well-known data centers are not publicly available. However, the full cost accounting model for storage is applicable for any kind of data center and cloud storage systems. 1 Initial Cost The CIS data center was developed in 2011. There are total 4 server racks and each rack contains 9 units. Each unit has the following configuration: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Supermicro 4U CSE-846E26-R1200B Rackmount Chassis / Rails Supermicro X8DAH+-F Dual Xeon Server Board / Intel 5520 / IPMI (2) Xeon X5650 CPUs 6 Core Westmere Processors (16) WD2003FYYS 2TB 7200 rpm Hard Drives 24 GB (6x4gb) DDR#-1333 ECCR Memory (2) LSI 9212-4i4e HBAs MegaRAID SAS 9280-4i4e with BBU’s Storage Cost 37 Total cost of a unit is $13630.

2 Model Consider two SaaS vendors, H and L, competing in the market. Each delivers a bundle of software applications and IT services to clients. Their offerings differ in two ways. First, the software applications have different attributes and functionalities, and are horizontally-differentiated. We adopt the Salop [23] circle model to capture horizontal differentiation. J. Kauffman and D. 5 between them. 1 Second, the two vendors offer IT services at different quality levels: they are vertically-differentiated.

For example, in Northern Virginia, Amazon was cited with more than 24 violations over a three year period. As a result, they need to pay hefty fines to the government for this kind of issues, and also need to test their backup generators regularly [18]. At the same time, diesel emissions can be a potential cause of cancer. During 2008 and 2009, in California, Microsoft was under “Air Toxics ‘Hot Spots’ program” review for diesel emissions [19]. Many data centers use evaporative cooling [20]. Evaporative cooling process concentrates impurities in the remaining water, which might include anti-bacterials that were added to keep the cooling system clean.

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