Economics

Economics of Deforestation: The Example of Ecuador (St by Sven Wunder

By Sven Wunder

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Extra info for Economics of Deforestation: The Example of Ecuador (St Antony's Series)

Example text

8. 2 (4,516,593 ha). This is due to several factors. l. 2, note 2). Secondly, clouded areas in the satellite image may not be forested precisely as assumed in Chapter 4. Thirdly, the interpretation of satellite images and field observations may differ, in particular for the distinction between forests and other woody vegetation. 9. Consistency checks on the questionnaire were possible in the case of Cashca Totoras (case 4), as total deforestation over a certain period was known ex ante. They revealed the inconsistency of farmers' answers to questions on land-use changes, in the sense that the sum of the individually informed amount of annual forest-clearing was clearly inferior to the â trueâ amount of clearing.

3. â (Casagrande et al. ) 4. g. Rudel (1993), Pichón (1997) and Thapa et al. (1996). 5. Of course, the same is not true for the other component considered in this section, energy subsidies, which were gradually reduced throughout the 1980s and 1990s, and thus had a fully reversible impact. 6. See V. Long, in Siebert (1984) for a Dutch-Disease theoretical model with multi-factor mobility between sectors. 7. g. Sunderlin and RodrÃ−guez (1996) for the case of Olancho, Honduras. 8. See Meyer (1993) for a case study of the main NGO Fundación Natura, its international financing, and its progressively important role in environmental decision-making in Ecuador.

Another preparatory activity was the selection of demonstration areas, the screening of site-specific sustainable-use options, and the study of ongoing forest uses. The present investigation falls within the last category, exploring the dynamics of the deforestation process, with special emphasis on the domestic and commercial uses of charcoal, timber and firewood. However, the scope of the work goes beyond the study of markets and domestic uses of wood products, examining the extent to which each of these uses provides an independent reason for deforestation, compared to agropastoral uses of the cleared land (see Chapter 7).

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