By Hiltmar Schubert, Andrey Kuznetsov
This booklet collects lectures of a world NATO-Russian complex study Workshop on Detection and Disposal of Improvised Explosives (IE) utilized by terrorists. The disposal of IE is principally risky, simply because they can be even more volatile and robotically extra delicate than advertisement or army explosives. this article covers detection of explosives by way of assorted analytical equipment and different form and compositions of the explosive cost, and gives updated suggestion on dealing with and disposal.
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6 meter below soil surface by using the time domain reflectometry theory (TDR) (CS 616, Campbell Scientific, Logan UT, USA). e. solar radiation, precipitation, air temperature, relative humidity, pressure, wind speed and direction). Air temperature and wind speed profiles were realized within the orchard in order to apply the aerodynamic analysis. 0 meter above the soil surface; data were recorded at 10 minute intervals. To monitor canopy temperature and detect stress conditions onset, five infrared thermometers (IRTS-P, Apogee) were installed within the orchard.
15, night situation): T z H K T u 1 6 u 2 2 (43) iv. 15, end of clear nights): H K T u 10 (44) In the application of the simplified aerodynamic method (SAM) two elements must be underlined: (i) measurements levels z1 and z2 must be chosen so that z2 is high enough to keep (z1·z2)1/2 outside the roughness layer; (ii) (z2-z1) must be large enough to measure wind Evapotranspiration Estimation Using Micrometeorological Techniques 33 and temperature differences with sufficient accuracy.
The gradual build up of plant matter changed the thermal properties of the upper layers. Consequently, heat storage (ΔS) was quantified in the upper layer by measuring the time rate of change in temperature. The net storage of energy (S) in the soil column was determined from the temperature profile taken above each soil heat flux plate. Three probes (TCAV) were placed in the soil to sample soil temperature. 04 m (z) below the surface; the volumetric heat capacity of the soil Cv was estimated from the volumetric fractions of minerals (Vm), organic matter (V0) and volumetric water content ().