Political History

Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler: The Diplomacy of by Igor Lukes

By Igor Lukes

The Munich trouble of 1938, within which nice Britain and France determined to soothe Hitler's calls for to annex the Sudentenland, has provoked an unlimited quantity of ancient writing. yet historians have had, previously, just a obscure knowing of the jobs performed via the Soviet Union and by means of Czechoslovakia, the rustic whose very lifestyles used to be on the heart of the crisis.

In Czechoslovakia among Stalin and Hitler, Igor Lukes explores this turbulent and tragic period from the recent viewpoint of the Prague govt itself. on the middle of this learn is Edvard Benes, a Czechoslovak international coverage strategist and a massive participant within the political machinations of the period. The paintings analyzes the Prague Government's makes an attempt to safe the life of the Republic of Czechoslovakia within the treacherous area among the millstones of the East and West. It reviews Benes's courting with Joseph Stalin, outlines the function assigned to Czechoslovak communists by way of the VIIth Congress of the Communist foreign in 1935, and dissects Prague's mystery negotiations with Berlin and Benes's function within the recognized Tukhachevsky affair. utilizing mystery documents in either Prague and Russia, this paintings is a correct and unique rendition of the occasions that sparked the second one global warfare.

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Additional resources for Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler: The Diplomacy of Edvard Benes in the 1930s

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81. See, for instance, Národní politika, 25 February 1921, which describes cases of various persons who, posing as refugees from the Bolshevik rule, were found to be traveling with significant sums of money (100,000 Kc). 82. Archives of the National Assembly, Prague; Benes spoke on 25 January 1921. Quoted from Olivová, "Postoj ceskoslovenské burzoazie," 318. 83. AMFA, telegrams sent, 13 January 1922, number 45/1922. 84. V. Vochoc, "Uznání sovëtského Ruska," in Poeta k sedesátym narozeninám Univ.

Josef Girsa was able to keep cool in the bizarre and dangerous atmosphere surrounding the Czechoslovak mission. Despite the dramatic events that characterized his tenure in the Soviet Union, his reports were balanced and designed to inform the Prague Foreign Ministry objectively. But conducting regular diplomacy had become, at least for the Czechoslovak mission, nearly impossible. Writing a year after his arrest by Soviet security, Girsa attempted to put Soviet behavior toward Czechoslovakia in perspective.

Ibid. As Josef Girsa reported in 1926, Soviet security entered the Czechoslovak mission and arrested a secretary, Miss Náprstková. She was ultimately released, but others were not so lucky. A Latvian secretary to the Latvian military attaché was arrested and sentenced to death for espionage and then exchanged for a Soviet spy arrested in Latvia; similarly brutal treatment was visited on Polish, Greek, and Estonian diplomats who had full diplomatic status. Soviet citizens fared worse, of course.

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