Immunology

Crash Course Haematology and Immunology by Yousef Gargani; Daniel Dr Horton-Szar; Caroline Shiach;

By Yousef Gargani; Daniel Dr Horton-Szar; Caroline Shiach; Matthew Helbert

The new sequence of Crash path keeps to supply readers with whole insurance of the MBBS curriculum in an easy-to-read, common demeanour. construction at the luck of past versions, the hot Crash classes keep the preferred and specified positive aspects that so characterized the sooner volumes. All Crash classes were absolutely up to date all through.

  • More than ninety illustrations current scientific, diagnostic and useful details in an easy-to-follow manner
  • Friendly and available method of the topic makes studying in particular easy
  • Written by means of scholars for college students - authors who comprehend examination pressures
  • Contains 'Hints and counsel' bins, and different worthy aide-mémoires
  • Succinct insurance of the topic permits 'sharp concentration' and effective use of time in the course of examination preparation
  • Contains an absolutely up to date self-assessment part - excellent for honing examination abilities and self-testing
  • Self-assessment part absolutely up-to-date to mirror present examination requirements
  • Contains 'common examination pitfalls' as urged via faculty
  • Crash classes additionally on hand electronically!
  • Online self-assessment financial institution additionally on hand - content material edited through Dan Horton-Szar!

Now celebrating over 10 years of good fortune - Crash path has been especially devised that will help you get via your checks with ease.

Completely revised all through, the hot version of Crash direction is completely adapted to satisfy your wishes through supplying every thing you must be aware of in a single position. in actual fact awarded in a attempted and depended on, easy-to-use, layout, each one ebook within the sequence offers whole insurance of the topic in a no-nonsense, easy fashion.

Commencing with 'Learning Objectives', each one bankruptcy courses you succinctly during the subject, giving complete insurance of the curriculum when heading off pointless and infrequently complicated aspect. each one bankruptcy is additionally supported by means of a whole art programme, and lines the ever renowned 'Hints and advice' containers in addition to different valuable aide-mémoires. All volumes include an up to date self-assessment part which lets you attempt your wisdom and hone your examination skills.

Authored by means of scholars or junior medical professionals - operating less than shut college supervision - each one quantity has been ready via a person who has lately been within the examination state of affairs and so relates heavily on your wishes. So no matter if you want to get out of a repair or goal for contrast Crash Course is for you!!

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Additional resources for Crash Course Haematology and Immunology

Example text

Apparent polycythaemia can occur as a result of a reduction in the total plasma volume. Investigation to exclude this involves measuring total red cell volume (using 51Cr) and total plasma volume (using 123Ialbumin). 3 Fig. 16 Causes of polycythaemia Absolute Relative Primary • Polycythaemia rubra vera (see p. g. burns • Diuretic therapy Cigarette smoking Stress (associated with smoking, alcohol, hypertension, obesity) Secondary Appropriately increased erythropoietin: • High altitude • Chronic lung disease • Cyanotic heart diseases • Haemoglobin with abnormally high O2 affinity Inappropriately increased erythropoietin: • Renal disease (carcinoma, cysts, transplants) • Hepatocellular carcinoma • Cerebellar haemangioblastoma • Massive uterine fibroids HINTS AND TIPS Venesection, as treatment for secondary polycythaemia, should not aim to drastically reduce the packed cell volume (PCV) as this negates the adaptive advantage of the compensatory erythropoiesis.

The haematological findings are: • A microcytic, hypochromic anaemia (Fig. 2) • Reduced serum iron and ferritin (to distinguish from thalassaemia traits, see p. 31) • Increased serum transferrin and total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) (to distinguish from anaemia of chronic disease) • Reduced plasma transferrin saturation • Absence of iron stores demonstrated on bonemarrow smear. Fig. 2 Iron-deficiency anaemia. Red blood cells are typically hypochromic and microcytic. 24 Clinical management involves identifying and treating the underlying cause of the iron deficiency, as well as supplementation.

32 The sickle Hb (HbS) gene is prevalent in tropical Africa and parts of the Mediterranean, Middle East and India. Up to 40% of the population can be heterogenous in some areas. Sickle-cell trait is thought to afford some protection against Plasmodium falciparum malaria and therefore HbS genes are positively selected in areas where malaria is endemic. In HbS, a single base-pair substitution in codon 6 of the b-chain replaces glutamic acid with valine. Deoxygenated HbS is 50 times less soluble than deoxygenated HbA and it aggregates and polymerizes to form long intracellular fibres called tactoids.

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