By Friedel Weinert
Utilizing Copernicanism, Darwinism, and Freudianism as examples of clinical traditions, Copernicus, Darwin and Freud takes a philosophical examine those 3 revolutions in concept to demonstrate the connections among technology and philosophy.Shows how those revolutions in concept result in philosophical consequencesProvides prolonged case reports of Copernicanism, Darwinism, and FreudianismIntegrates the background of technology and the philosophy of technological know-how like no different textCovers either the philosophy of normal and social technology in a single quantity
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Additional info for Copernicus, Darwin and Freud: Revolutions in the History and Philosophy of Science
Rheticus 1540, 147; Copernicus 1543, Preface] As we have seen, Copernicus was very aware of the importance of coherence: (The) Mobility of the Earth binds together the order and magnitude of the orbital circles of wandering stars. [Copernicus 1543, Bk. V, Introduction] Kepler also perceived this advantage very clearly: Ptolemy treats planets separately; Copernicus and Brahe compare the planets with one another. [Kepler 1618–9, Bk. I, Part I, §5] The conception of the coherence of planetary phenomena obliges the Copernicans to build a model of the planetary system which must accommodate all the known empirical data.
Rheticus calls it “the motion of its poles”: The third motion of the Earth produces the regular, cyclic changes of the season on the whole Earth; for it causes the sun and the other planets to appear to move on a circle oblique to the equator (…). [Rheticus 1540, 150–1] Why does the Copernican system need to assume a rotation of the Earth’s axis to explain the seasons? According to Copernicus the Earth is a planet but it is attached to a sphere, which carries it round the sun. This means, however, that the Earth’s axis does not remain parallel to itself.
When a planet shows its “unfriendly face” to the sun, its magnetic lines repulse it. The game of attraction and repulsion constrains the planet to its orbital motion around the sun. [Kepler 1618–21, Pt. II, §93] As Newton showed, this dynamic explanation was mistaken. indd 42 7/31/2008 9:52:34 AM Nicolaus Copernicus: The Loss of Centrality 43 the orbital motion of the Earth.