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Conservatism & Southern Intellectuals, 1789-1861: Liberty, by Adam L. Tate

By Adam L. Tate

In Conservatism and Southern Intellectuals, 1789–1861, Adam L. Tate discusses the character of southern conservative concept among 1789 and 1861 by means of reading six conservatives whose lives and careers spanned the antebellum interval: John Randolph of Roanoke, John Taylor of Caroline, Nathaniel Beverly Tucker, William Gilmore Simms, Joseph Glover Baldwin, and Johnson Jones Hooper. Tate contends that southern conservatism derived its unique features from its reputation of features of John Locke’s political idea because it was once articulated in the course of the American Revolution.

Locke argued that the nation and society have been entities that may be reformed and manipulated through males. exhibiting that the majority southern conservative intellectuals authorized Locke’s premise concerning separation of country and society, Tate examines either the political opinions and social imaginative and prescient of the six conservatives surveyed. He will pay precise cognizance to how those conservatives handled states’ rights, republicanism, slavery, sectionalism, and faith, in addition to western enlargement and migration.

Tate continues that whereas southern conservatives cast a standard political culture according to previous Republican interpretations of the structure, they didn't create a unified culture of social suggestion. even if so much of them wanted a cohesive southern highbrow stream, in addition to a homogenous southern tradition, their disagreements over the nice society avoided them from making a universal southern social imaginative and prescient to accompany their states’ rights political tradition.

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The compromise came before Congress in , and Randolph attacked it viciously. Randolph argued that any compromise in the Yazoo case was a sign of corruption because the Congress was rewarding fraudulent speculators by giving away the five million acres. ” Not only that, but Congress would be interfering with the legislature of Georgia, which had voided the sale in . ” To Randolph, the Yazoo compromise destroyed both states’ rights and self-government. Republicans who compromised their principles and voted for the Yazoo fraud were dooming the Republic.

Thus while the Virginia conservatives defended a republican form of government, they also defended tradition in a Burkean sense. The Rhetoric of Conservatism: The Virginia Convention of – and the Conservative Tradition in the South, chap. . . , Correspondence of Andrew Jackson, vol. , . For a comparison of Jackson’s administration and the principles of the Old Republicans, see Risjord, The Old Republicans, –. ” Randolph thereby ended his political career as he had begun, by defending states’ rights and the anti-Federalist view of the Constitution.

David A. Carson, “That Ground Called Quiddism: John Randolph’s War with the Jefferson Administration,” – . See also Richard E. Ellis, The Jeffersonian Crisis: Courts and Politics in the Young Republic. 24 C O N S E RVAT I S M AND SOUTHERN INTELLECTUALS, 1789–1861 the sale. S. government. ” The compromise came before Congress in , and Randolph attacked it viciously. Randolph argued that any compromise in the Yazoo case was a sign of corruption because the Congress was rewarding fraudulent speculators by giving away the five million acres.

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