By Michel Chein (auth.), Madalina Croitoru, Sébastien Ferré, Dickson Lukose (eds.)
th The 18 overseas convention on Conceptual buildings (ICCS 2010) used to be the newest in a chain of annual meetings which have been held in Europe, A- tralia, and North the US on the grounds that 1993. the focal point of the convention has been the illustration and research of conceptual wisdom for learn and sensible program. ICCS brings jointly researchers and practitioners in details and machine sciences in addition to social technological know-how to discover novel ways in which c- ceptual buildings will be deployed. bobbing up from the examine on wisdom illustration and reasoning with conceptual graphs, through the years ICCS has broadened its scope to incorporate in- vations from a much wider diversity of theories and similar practices, between them other kinds of graph-based reasoning platforms like RDF or existential graphs, formal notion research, Semantic internet applied sciences, ontologies, inspiration mapping and extra. therefore, ICCS represents a kinfolk of methods relating to conc- tualstructuresthatbuild onthesuccesseswithtechniquesderivedfromarti?cial intelligence, wisdom illustration and reasoning, utilized arithmetic and lattice concept, computational linguistics, conceptual modeling and layout, d- grammatic reasoning and good judgment, clever platforms and information administration. The ICCS 2010 subject matter “From info to Intelligence” tricks at unve- ing the reasoning functions of conceptual constructions. certainly, advancements in garage skill and function of computing infrastructure have additionally - fected the character of data illustration and reasoning (KRR) platforms, transferring their concentration towards representational energy and execution functionality. for this reason, KRR study is now confronted with a problem of constructing wisdom illustration and reasoning buildings optimized for such reasonings.
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1. if (p, c) ∈ (ι(rdfs : domain)) and (s, o) ∈ (p), then (s, c) ∈ (ι(rdf : type)). 2. if (x, c) ∈ (ι(rdf : type)) and (c, c ) ∈ (ι(rdfs : subClassOf)), then (x, c ) ∈ (ι(rdf : type)). Computing RDF and RDFS entailment. When we have to compute whether F rdf Q (or F rdf s Q), we will add to F all necessary information to answer Q: first the axiomatic triples (at least a finite subset of them), then enrich it with all information that will force its simple model to be an RDF or RDFS interpretation.
For each well-typed literal l of G whose type is rdf:XMLLiteral, add the triple (l, rdf:type, rdf:XMLLiteral). RDFS semantic conditions can be translated in the same way (that is indeed done in ), and our two example semantic conditions can now be expressed as rules: 1. if there is a triple (p, rdfs:domain, c) and a triple (s, p, o) in the graph, then add the triple (s, rdf:type, c). 2. if there is a triple (x, rdf:type, c) and a triple (c, rdfs:subClassOf, c ) in the graph, then add the triple (x, rdf:type, c ).
Lymph nodes do not palpate. Emphysematous thorax, ... Sample text 3: Head - without pathological changes. Eyes correctly placed in the eye-sockets, normal pupil reactions. Bilateral exophthalmos, without disturbances in the eye-movements. Neck - preserved mobility, palpable veins. Thyroid gland not enlarged. Vesicular breathing, ... Fig. 2. Semantic network of concepts and ﬁve conceptual relations: isa, part-of, haslocation, anatomically-associated-with (aaw) and clinically-associated-with (caw) Domain Knowledge in the Extraction of Structured Representations 21 In the sample text 2, the lymph nodes mentioned in the ﬁfth sentence will be interpreted as neck lymph nodes because this sentence is located immediately after the discussion of neck and thyroid gland but lymph nodes are not part of the thyroid gland.