By Wolfgang Zank
For many years North Africa and the center East were components of overlapping identities and integration tactics. The international locations of North Africa, except Morocco, have supported the re-launch of pan-Africanism within the type of the African Union and its becoming institutionalisation. however the nations of North Africa proportion additionally an Arab identification and are contributors of the Arab League. Islamism instructions broad help one of the inhabitants at huge. In Turkey, a average Islamist celebration is even in govt. however the nations within the zone have additionally skilled a growing to be effect of eu integration in a number of varieties. from time to time (e.g. Morocco or Tunisia) the cooperation is especially shut. Turkey has even been regarded as a candidate kingdom, its govt works actively to make the rustic meet the european club criteria.This finished quantity asks the query to what volume those numerous identities and integration procedures have compatibility, or even if and to what quantity they're in clash. It unites contributions from a number of nations which discover those difficulties from varied views.
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Additional info for Clash or Cooperation of Civilizations? (The International Political Economy of New Regionalisms Series)
It initiated many reforms which aim at making Turkey fulfill the Copenhagen criteria. By contrast, the Kemalists have turned into E U skeptics and try to conserve old power structures. T he T urkish developments are followed closely in many parts of the A rab world and have an impact on the whole region where similar trends can be seen. E xamples of cultural clashes regularly capture the headlines of the media. But there have also been many important initiatives to build bridges between cultures and religions.
Dinmore, Guy (2007), “Muslims further inter-faith dialogue”, Financial Times, 22 December, p. 4. Duffield, I. 1975 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 95–141. E tzioni, A mitai (2001), Political Union Revisited: On Building Super-National Communities (L anham, MD: L exington Books). 24 Clash or Cooperation of Civilizations? E uropean Central Bank (2004), “E conomic Integration in S elected R egions O utside the E uropean Union”, Monthly Bulletin, O ctober, pp. 67–84. E uropean Commission (2005), “Communication from the Commission to the Council, the E uropean Parliament and the E uropean E conomic and S ocial Committee”, EU Strategy for Africa: Towards a Euro-African pact to accelerate Africa’s development, Brussels, 12 October 2005, COM (2205) 489 final.
Civil Society Activism: Islamist and Secular Organizations A ccording to the theoretical framework of the transition paradigm, once an authoritarian regime begins to liberalize, opposition actors, who had been formally excluded and repressed, begin to take advantage of the new openings 32 Clash or Cooperation of Civilizations? in order to reclaim a role in a process that is supposed to lead to the formulation of new rules of the political and institutional game. S uch opposition actors, be they political parties or civil society organizations, might subscribe to radically different ideologies and might have substantial policy differences, but ultimately they are drawn to cooperate with each other because of the constraints of operating under the same authoritarian system, which, in theory, they should all wish to dismantle.