Health Policy

Chronic Non-communicable Diseases in Low and Middle-income by Ama deGraft Aikins, Charles Agyemang

By Ama deGraft Aikins, Charles Agyemang

Low and center source of revenue international locations in Africa, Asia and Latin the USA endure an important share of the worldwide burden of power non-communicable illnesses. This booklet synthesizes proof throughout international locations that percentage comparable socio-economic, developmental and public future health profiles, together with quick urbanization, globalization and poverty. offering insights on winning and sustainable interventions and regulations, it exhibits tips to sluggish and opposite the emerging burden of persistent illnesses in resource-poor settings

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The National Academies Press, Washington, DC. 3. Bovet, P. and Paccaud, F. (2012) Cardiovascular disease and the changing face of global public health: a focus on low and middle income countries. Public Health Reviews 33, 397–415. 4. Paradis, G. and Chiolero, A. (2011) The cardiovascular and chronic diseases epidemic in lowand middle-income countries: a global health challenge. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 57, 1775–1777. 5. WHO (2009) World Health Statistics 2009. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Obesity The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing at an alarming rate in both high-income countries and LMICs throughout the globe. WHO estimates indicate that the undernourished population in the world has declined, whereas the overnourished population has increased significantly [55]. Data from WHO show that, globally, there are more than 1 billion adults who are overweight and 300 million obese people. LMICs have been particularly affected, with obesity rates having increased more than threefold since 1980 in the Pacific Islands, Australasia and China [55].

77. A. (2007) Reducing the growing burden of cardiovascular disease in the developing world. Health Affairs (Millwood) 26, 13–24. 78. A. (2005) Cardiovascular disease in the developing world and its cost-effective management. Circulation 112, 3547–3553. 79. , Liu, H. and Esson, K. (2004) A Race Against Time: the Challenge of Cardiovascular Disease in Developing Countries. Trustees of Columbia University, New York. 80. WHO (2007) Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Guidelines for Assessment and Management of Total Cardiovascular Risk.

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