By Azeem Khalid, Muhammad Arshad, David Crowley (auth.), Hatice Atacag Erkurt (eds.)
Azo dyes play a big function as coloring brokers within the cloth, meals, and pharmaceutical undefined. because of the toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of azo dyes and their breakdown items, their elimination from business wastewaters has been an pressing problem. Promising and in your price range equipment are in accordance with their biodegradation, that is taken care of during this quantity. the themes provided by way of specialists within the box contain: the class of azo dyes; toxicity attributable to azo dyes; cardio and anaerobic azo dye biodegradation mechanisms; the function of micro organism, fungi, algae and their enzymes in biodegradation; the influence of redox mediators on azo dye relief; the mixing of organic with actual and chemical approaches; the biotransformation of fragrant amines; reactor modelling for azo dye conversion; the biodegradation of azo dyes by way of immobilized micro organism and fungi; and components affecting the full mineralization of azo dyes.