Animal Husbandry

Breeding Horses by Mina Davies-Morel

By Mina Davies-Morel

Written for college kids and all with a common curiosity in breeding horses, this e-book units out to supply a easy realizing with adequate functional info for novices to get started.

Enough reproductive body structure of the mare and stallion is integrated to explain the administration suggestions that are defined later within the e-book, yet pointless information are kept away from. synthetic insemination and embryo move also are defined, as are deciding upon the broodmare and stallion, administration at overlaying and through being pregnant, and post-partum care of the mare and foal.

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81. 3 A mare showing typical signs of oestrus, standing still in the presence of the stallion and exposing her clitoris (lower part of the vulva), an event known as ‘winking’. © CABI. 2, p. 80), largely to ensure that the mare is mated at the best time to ensure fertilisation. Properly timed it can take just one mating per foal, and if this can be achieved then many more mares can be covered by a stallion during a breeding season and his owner can therefore maximise any financial return. There are two main reasons for manipulating reproduction: to advance the breeding season so that matings can occur earlier in the year or dictate the time of oestrus and ovulation within that season.

Mares over twelve years, especially if not bred before, are harder to get in foal due to a higher incidence of infections and objection to the attentions of the stallion, and will also give you fewer foals in the remainder of her life than a younger mare. Therefore mares of between five and twelve years are the best, however, you may still obtain a mare outside this range at a good price which will prove very successful. A mare’s general conformation and condition are important. If a mare is over or under condition this can be corrected by good feeding and exercise but, if a mare is very thin for example, it may be a sign of another underlying problem.

The foal’s birth weight is directly proportional to the surface area of the placenta, as a small placenta limits the amount of nutrients which can pass to the fetus. In extreme cases abortion can be caused if the size of the placenta is restricted for some reason such as, uterine infection, old age and twins. 1 Twins Twinning is an increasing problem in stud management, especially in intensively bred horses such as the thoroughbred. The incidence of twin ovulations, which can result in twin pregnancies in the thoroughbred is 20–25%.

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