Particle Physics

Beta Beams: Neutrino Beams by Mats Lindroos

By Mats Lindroos

The beta-beam thought for the new release of electron neutrino beams was once first proposed by way of Piero Zucchelli in 2002. the belief created relatively a stir, difficult the concept that excessive neutrino beams in simple terms might be made out of the decay of pions or muons in classical neutrino beams amenities or in destiny neutrino factories. the idea that firstly struggled to make an influence however the labor through many desktop physicists, phenomenologists and theoreticians over the past 5 years has received the beta-beam a well-earned place as one of many frontrunners for a potential destiny global laboratory for top depth neutrino oscillation physics. this can be the 1st entire monograph at the beta-beam idea. The ebook describes either technical elements and experimental facets of the beta-beam, offering: scholars and scientists with an perception into the chances provided through beta-beams; facility designers with a kick off point for destiny stories; and, coverage makers with a entire photograph of the bounds and chances provided by way of a beta-beam.

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G. the PS and SPS at CERN, operate with much lower repetition with cycle times of several seconds. Fig. 11 The multi-turn injection from the linac into the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) at the CERN beta-beam facility has been simulated [103]. The transverse phase space of the RCS can be efficiently filled with up to 40 turns of semi-continuous beam from the linac using a combination of dipoles which effect the closed orbit in the ring and septa magnets which steer the injected beam. g. stripping and injection will induce losses.

It will consist of two near detector locations (each one with two 20 t detectors) and a far location consisting of four detectors of 20 t. 4 Next generation conventional neutrino beams It is well-known today that T2K and NOνA, even if combined with a reactor experiment, will not be able to provide firm results (3σ or better) about leptonic CP violation [61] or sign(∆m223 ) [62] whatever the value of θ13 . A next generation of long-baseline neutrino experiments will be needed to address this very important search in physics.

That is in case of a null result of T2K which would severely compromise the physics case of T2HK. An evolution of T2HK is the T2KK project, where half of the HK detector 18 Accelerated Generated Neutrino Beams: Beta Beams would be installed in Japan, while the second half would be mounted in Korea, at a baseline of about 900 km, around the second oscillation maximum. This configuration would have worse sensitivities to θ13 with respect to T2HK, very similar sensitivities to LCPV and much better sensitivities to sign(∆m223 ).

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