Animal Husbandry

Beef Production by T. L. Dodsworth and J. E. Nichols (Auth.)

By T. L. Dodsworth and J. E. Nichols (Auth.)

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O n a r r i v a l h o m e t h e calf s h o u l d b e h o u s e d i n a n i n d i v i d u a l p e n o r c r a t e a n d b e s w a b b e d for s a l m o n e l l a , a r r a n g e m e n t s h a v i n g b e e n m a d e for t e s t i n g w i t h t h e v e t e r i n a r y s u r g e o n . T h e m e t h o d of f e e d i n g o n a r r i v a l s h o u l d v a r y a c c o r d i n g t o b u y i n g p r a c t i c e . W h e n calves a r e a c t u a l l y b o u g h t o n t h e f a r m of b i r t h , i n f o r m a t i o n o n p r e v i o u s f e e d i n g p r a c t i c e a n d level a c h i e v e d s h o u l d b e o b t a i n e d a n d t h e calf s h o u l d b e t a k e n s t r a i g h t o n a t t h a t level p r o v i d e d it is t r a n s p o r t e d i n a d r a u g h t - f r e e v a n .

I t is t h e r e f o r e n e c e s s a r y to r a i s e t h e g r a i n level b y 4 l b d a i l y t o p r o v i d e for t h e p r o d u c t i o n of a n o t h e r g a l l o n of m i l k for t h e s e c o n d calf a n d s u c h r a t i o n s m a y b e a d e q u a t e for s p r i n g c a l v i n g c o w s . H o w e v e r , calves b o r n e a r l i e r i n t h e w i n t e r w i l l e a c h r e q u i r e 2 g a l l o n s m i l k d a i l y before t h e y a r e t u r n e d o u t i n s p r i n g . T h e c o w w i l l t h e r e f o r e r e q u i r e a r a t i o n s u c h as 6 0 l b s w e d e s , 10 l b s t r a w p l u s 14 lb grain or concentrate t o p r o v i d e for t h e p r o d u c t i o n of 4 g a l l o n s of m i l k d a i l y .

F u r t h e r m o r e , t h e c a l f o u t of t h e d a i r y cross c o w will possess b e t t e r g r o w t h p o t e n t i a l a n d will b e m o r e r e a d i l y sold t h a n t h e e a r l y - m a t u r i n g t y p e of calf. T h e r e d u c e d a d v a n t a g e i n c a l f l i v e w e i g h t a t 2 0 0 d a y s f o u n d o n hill a n d u p l a n d f a r m s m a y of c o u r s e b e d u e t o i n a d e q u a t e f e e d i n g r e s u l t i n g 30 BEEF PRODUCTION i n a r e d u c t i o n i n b o t h calf b i r t h w e i g h t a n d m i l k y i e l d .

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