By Evguenia Davidova
Drawing upon formerly unpublished advertisement ledgers and correspondence, this learn deals a collective social biography of 3 generations of Balkan retailers. own money owed humanize multiethnic networks that navigated a number of social structures helping and opposing quite a few features of nationalist ideologies.
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Additional resources for Balkan Transitions to Modernity and Nation-States: Through the Eyes of Three Generations of Merchants (1780s-1890s) (Balkan Studies Library, Book 6)
F. Lewis and H. Nordick, Session B-7, (Leuven, 1990), 47–55; Vasilēs Kremmydas, Emporikes praktikes sto telos tēs Tourkokratias. Mykoniates emporoi kai ploiktētes (Athēna: Naytiko Mouseio Aigaiou, 1993); Idem, Emporoi kai emporika diktya sta chronia tou eikosiena (1820–1835). Kikladites emporoi kai ploiktes (Athēna: Naytiko Mouseio Aigaiou, 1996). Also, a recent special edition on networking in the Mediterranean, The Historical Review/ Le Revue Historique 7 (2010). 20 chapter one beğ, Aidar başı, etc), to a local knez, Juda sarraf, craftsmen, and Cincar bakkals (owner of a grocery store).
Christine Woodhead (London and New York: Routledge, 2012), 444. 19 Barbara Jelavich, History of the Balkans. Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, vol. 1, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), 123–126. 21 Contemporary materials, such as the Prota Matija Nenadović’s memoir and Sofroniĭ Vratchanski’s autobiography,22 both educated and politically engaged clergy, offered an emotional perspective on these events. How ever, other sources describe the ayan and kırcalı period in distant tones.
49 The appellation “Greeks” and “Greek” merchants referred mostly to Eastern Orthodox Christian traders from the Ottoman Empire in central Europe. ” As D. J. Popović (and Stoianovich) have argued, it came to signify a more affluent urban stratum which was not confined 45 M. Pakalın, Osmanlı Tarih deyimleri ve terimleri sözlüğü, vol. 1 (Istanbul: Milli eğitim basimevi, 1971), 115–117; Van den Boogert, The Capitulations, 111. 46 bağış, osmanlı ticaretinde Gayrı müslimler, 96. Bruce Masters, “The Sultan’s Entrepre neurs: The Avrupa Tüccaris and the Hayriye Tüccaris in Syria,” IJMES 24 (1992): 579–597.