By Gergely Csiky
In Avar-Age Polearms and Edged guns, Gergely Csiky deals a presentation of shut wrestle guns of a nomadic inhabitants that migrated from internal Asia to East-Central Europe. throughout the overdue sixth – early seventh centuries, the Avars led winning army campaigns opposed to the Balkan geographical regions of the Byzantine Empire, facilitated via their cavalry’s use of stirrups for the 1st time in Europe.
Besides the type, production thoughts, fittings, suspension, distribution, and chronology of polearms and edged guns identified from Avar-age burials, a different emphasis is laid at the origins and cultural contacts of those guns, between them the 1st edged guns with curved blades: the sabres. The social importance and, functionality of those artefacts is mentioned with a purpose to position them in nomadic conflict.
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Additional info for Avar-Age Polearms and Edged Weapons: Classification, Typology, Chronology and Technology
7 For the definitions of experimental archaeology see: Coles 1979; Ascher 1961; Fansa 1996, Fansa 2002. A good example for the contributions made in this field is the study of Holger Riesch on the archery of the Merovingians which reconstructed bows and examined their efficacy (2002). Riesch also used metallographic analysis to reconstruct a Merovingian lamellar armour (which is very similar to those in use by Avars) in order to test its defense capabilities against different types of arrowheads (Becker – Riesch 2002, 597–606).
Italy presents a different kind of problem: the distinction of the Germanic (Merovingian) and Byzantine weapons. In Hungary the study of weapons of Mediterranean origin was started by Attila Kiss (1987a, 193–210) with the identification as Byzantine of swords with crossguards cast of copper alloy, which is continued by Éva Garam (2001, 158–163) with the examination of artefacts of Byzantine origin from the Early and Middle Avar Period. 14 Comparative studies between Merovingian and Avar armament are far easier as a result of the huge quantity of weapon burials known from Central Europe.
This geographical term is identical with the Russian concept of ‘Средняя Азия’. 87 Czeglédy 1983, 25–126; Pohl 2002, 34–35. 18 CHAPTER 1 historical theory had a significant impact on Avar archaeology: István Bóna tried to identify these two ethnic components of the Avars using archaeological methods, including a consideration of the history of weapons. 90 The popularity of Bóna’s theory is marked by the fact that its specific elements are still used as arguments in Avar archaeology. Such immigration theories were always popular in Hungarian research on early medieval history and archaeology as an explanation for cultural and technological change.