By Nathan M. Slovis DVM Dipl ACVIM
Atlas of Equine Endoscopy is a realistic reference advisor to minimally invasive equine endoscopy of varied organ platforms. simply because endoscopy is now standard by way of equine practitioners, this atlas focuses much less on simple rules and extra on its use as a diagnostic device. assurance comprises either basic and irregular findings, with greater than 575 high-definition photographs, captured through digicam. each one process is mentioned continually, addressing appropriate common anatomy by means of different types of problems akin to neoplasia, irritation, and abscesses.
- State-of-the-art full-color electronic images.
- Illustrated reference of either the traditional and irregular exam findings in every one organ system.
- Distant and close-up perspectives of the anatomy are supplied the place acceptable; this is helping establish general anatomy and anatomical variations.
- The order of the pictures in each one physique procedure displays the order during which the endoscopic exam is performed.
- Several diverse photos of a similar ailment are supplied so the reader can get pleasure from different shows of exact disorders.
- Contributors are board-certified specialists from all equine veterinary specialties.
- Covers endoscopic gear, offering necessary comparative info on tools and video equipment.
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Extra info for Atlas of Equine Endoscopy
Chapter 3 • Rhinoscopy 41 B A FIGURE 3-9. A, Endoturbinate I (large arrow), and the left nasal maxillary opening located in the middle meatus (small arrows). B, Ethmoid turbinates. Middle meatus (black arrow). Endoturbinates I (white arrow). FIGURE 3-10. Ethmoid turbinates. 42 ATLAS OF EQUINE ENDOSCOPY ETHMOID HEMATOMAS A progressive ethmoid hematoma (PEH) is an expansive mass of unknown etiology that originates in the submucosa of the ethmoid labyrinth of horses. PEHs can be unilateral or bilateral on occasion and can even be located in the paranasal sinuses or nasal cavity.
Grade II laryngeal hemiplegia during abduction. Chapter 4 • Pharyngoscopy and Laryngoscopy 59 DEVIATIONS FROM NORMAL FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY Functional lesions of the upper airways may not be obvious without specialized endoscopic examination; however, results of each examination should be evaluated meticulously with the recognition that there are few symmetrically normal equine throats. Although asymmetry and other apparent lesions in the patient can be obvious, they are often overcome or compensated for if the clinical result indicates subtle problems that do not compromise performance.
64 ATLAS OF EQUINE ENDOSCOPY FIGURE 4-14. Grade II: LLH after laser abduction surgery. Note curled epiglottis that occurred from dorsal displacement of soft palate. B A FIGURE 4-15. A and B, Laser ablation of an aryepiglottic hyperplasia. Chapter 4 • Pharyngoscopy and Laryngoscopy 65 LARYNGEAL GRANULOMATOSIS Figures 4-16 through 4-21 show formation of slight to severe laryngeal granulomas. Most granulomas are associated with motion-induced irritation due to hemiplegia and chondritis formation. FIGURE 4-16.