By E. Barcevicius, T. Weishaupt, J. Zeitlin, Egidijus Barcevi?ius
In keeping with the findings of a large-scale, comparative learn venture, this quantity systematically assesses the institutional layout and nationwide impact of the Open approach to Coordination in Social Inclusion and Social safeguard (pensions and health/long-term care), on the ecu Union point and in ten european Member States.
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Extra info for Assessing the Open Method of Coordination: Institutional Design and National Influence of EU Social Policy Coordination
2 Second, the ‘economic spillover effects’ associated with the EMU process were paired with an increasingly proactive European Commission. Enabled by the Council Recommendations of 1992, the Commission published a Green and a White Paper on European Social Policy in 1993 and 1994, respectively (European Commission 1993; 1994b). Subsequent to these documents, which were produced after wide consultation among European policymakers and stakeholders, the Commission issued three Communications (European Commission 1995b; 1997; 1999), which (a) outlined a framework for debating European social problems, (b) proposed key steps to modernize European social policy regimes, and (c) delineated a ‘concerted strategy’ for action, respectively.
Ofﬁcially, the European Council repeatedly afﬁrmed that social policies remain a key part of EU agenda; indeed a ‘close interaction’ with the Lisbon objectives became one of the three overarching objectives of the Social OMC. Cross-fertilization between the streamlined Social OMC and the relaunched Lisbon Strategy was to be assured through the mechanisms of ‘feeding-in and feeding-out’, whereby the former ‘fed in’ to the growth and employment objectives, while the latter ‘fed out’ to advance social cohesion goals (Zeitlin 2008, 438).
2010; PPMI 2011a). At the beginning, the majority of participants in this discussion acknowledged that the Social OMC was useful (although not without its ﬂaws), but argued that it also needed further consolidation and reinforcement. The speciﬁc messages were diverse, but the key points were as follows. First, the new strategy needed to bring social objectives back to the core of EU policy coordination. Second, there was a need, in the words of the Commission, to ‘adopt some of the methods and approaches’ used by the Lisbon Strategy (European Commission 2008d, 4) and, in particular, to establish quantitative social targets and adopt Country-Speciﬁc Recommendations (CSRs).