By Kenneth Warren
Armstrong, the engineers, armament makers and naval shipbuilders used to be manage in 1847 through William Armstrong at Elswick, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne. This ebook analyzes Armstrong's eighty years upward thrust, decline and reorganization, treating it, in many ways, as a case research of British commercial malaise.
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Extra resources for Armstrongs of Elswick: Growth In Engineering And Armaments To The Merger With Vickers
George Rendel and Andrew Noble at the ordnance department, and the former also in his early and very successful naval designs, were at the forefront of the armament trade. For twenty years directly, and much longer indirectly, Stuart Rendel played a key role in filling the company's order books. 3 William Armstrong was always consulted, was referred to with respect and deference by his colleagues, and his opinions were invariably valued; even so, below this figure-head, there was the drive of a formidable collective leadership.
Had vacated on becoming a Member of Parliament. As well as his work in London Vavasseur also kept in close touch with the firm's Tyneside drawing office. All his manufacturing operations and his designs were removed to Elswick. 4 BACKWARD AND FORWARD INTEGRATION IN THE 1880S Many of the companies which merged and which took on limited liability in the last decades of the Victorian age also strove to 28 Establishment, Expansion, Diversification: 1847-85 integrate vertically - backwards in order to control supply trades, or forwards into the sphere of business of former customers.
They were each armed with two ten-inch new type guns which had nearly an all-round fire and were capable of piercing eighteen inches of iron armour, and with four forty pounders on the broadsides. It was a very serious question, what could be done in the event of a number of such vessels as these being let loose on our commerce. At present there was not a single ship in the British Navy carrying an armament competent to engage them, that could overtake them in pursuit, or evade their attack when prudence dictated a retreat.