Logic Language

Aristotle on false reasoning : language and the world in the by Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle

By Aristotle.; Schreiber, Scott Gregory; Aristotle

A complete examine Aristotle's treatise on logical fallacies

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Instead, Aristotle is concerned with distinguishing the meaning of the subsequent genitive clause governed by pl°w. 32 The problem was how more than two parts of the night could pass and still leave a third yet to come. If more than two-thirds had passed, then there must be less than one-third left. ”33 According to this solution, Homer means to say that the greater part of two parts of the night had passed, while one-third of the night remained. If such were the problem, Aristotle need only have distinguished between the two homonymous uses of pl°wn.

Whereas counters are equinumerous with countable things (whether as individuals or sets of limited individuals), names and expressions are not. In the act of signifying, the absence of the isomorphism that makes computation possible is precisely what makes linguistic deception possible. ” These latter names will require some special comment below. What places limits on the number of different names in a language is the requirement that names signify (shma√nein). That is, the number of signifiers is restricted by the possible kinds of things that can be signified.

Laws do not consist of single words. In Rhetoric III, 18, 1419a20, the discussion is how to obtain the rhetorical advantage when interrogating one’s opponents in public assemblies or law courts, or when answering questions posed by one’s opponents. 34 Aristotle expands upon this point in Topics VIII: When [the question asked is one that] is said in many ways, it is not necessary to agree or to deny. . If the thing said is understood in many ways . . and one knows in some cases how it is false and in some cases how it is true, one must indicate that it is said in many ways and that in one way it is false and in another way it is true.

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