Economic Theory

Alternative Food Networks: Knowledge, Practice, and Politics by David Goodman

By David Goodman

Farmers’ markets, veggie containers, neighborhood meals, natural items and reasonable exchange items – how have those as soon as novel, "alternative" meals, and the folks and networks assisting them, turn into more and more ordinary gains of daily intake? Are the visions of "alternative worlds" equipped on ethics of sustainability, social justice, animal welfare and the cultured values of neighborhood meals cultures and conventional crafts nonetheless credible now that those meals crowd grocery store cabinets and different "mainstream" procuring retailers?

This well timed e-book presents a severe evaluate of the expansion of different foodstuff networks and their fight to guard their moral and aesthetic values opposed to the standardizing pressures of the company mainstream with its "placeless and anonymous" international provide networks. It explores how those substitute hobbies are "making a distinction" and their attainable function as fears of worldwide weather switch and nutrients lack of confidence accentuate. It assesses the various reviews of those networks in 3 significant arenas of meals activism and politics: Britain and Western Europe, the U.S., and the worldwide reasonable exchange financial system. This comparative viewpoint runs through the e-book to totally discover the innovative erosion of the interface among replacement and mainstream foodstuff provisioning. because the period of "cheap meals" attracts to a detailed, research of the constraints of market-based social switch and the way forward for substitute foodstuff economies and localist meals politics position this e-book on the state of the art of the sector.

The booklet is punctiliously educated by means of modern social idea and interdisciplinary social medical scholarship, formulates an integrative social perform framework to appreciate substitute nutrients production-consumption, and provides a different geographical achieve in its case studies.

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Extra resources for Alternative Food Networks: Knowledge, Practice, and Politics

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The polit­ical eco­nomy per­spect­ive draws on Marx’s critique of commodity fetishism as casting a veil over the real in­equal­it­ies in capitalist so­ci­ety. That is, market exchange and eco­nomic goods – rather than being what utilitarians see as a source of indi­vidual freedom – are in fact a “fetish,” an illusory form of freedom. For Marx, social injustice arose from private ownership of the means of production, which constituted the mater­ial basis of the ex­ploita­tion of labor by capital.

Pol­itics in place, by contrast, is a non-­territorial way of viewing place pol­itics in an age of global connectiv­ ity. Instead of seeing polit­ical activity as unique, places might be seen as the sites which juxta­pose the varied pol­itics – the local, national, and global – that we find today. What mat­ters is this juxta­position. : 397), thereby avoiding the norm­ative contra­dic­tions to which a pol­itics of place is prone (see also Castree 2003a, 2004). To forge our understanding of the local as an imperfect pol­itics in place, we need to open up the black box of “trust” and ask: where does that trust come from and is it always intrinsically good?

Re-­localization can be seen as part of the restructuring of gov­ern­ment toward “governance”: the devolution of some auto­nomy in de­cision making to networks of local actors but with co­ordination still exercised through multilayered, top-­ down institutional structures. From this more crit­ical per­spect­ive, re-­localization appears to be not so much about resistance to neolib­eral globalization as an intrinsic part of it because it has “en­dorsed and fostered the self-­regulation of indi­viduals and com­munit­ies which, at the regional level, equates to the accept­ ance of programs, techniques and pro­ced­ures that support market rule, produc­ tivism and global com­peti­tion” (Lawrence 2005: 9).

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