Health Policy

Achieving the Health Millennium Development Goals in Asia by Economic & Social Commission for Asia & the Pacific

By Economic & Social Commission for Asia & the Pacific

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Additional resources for Achieving the Health Millennium Development Goals in Asia and the Pacific: Policies and Actions Within Health Systems and Beyond (Asia-Pacific MDG Study Series)

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Almost 45 per cent of all these cases occurred in India alone, whereas Myanmar and Afghanistan reported close to 700,000 and 600,000 cases respectively. 4). 4. 90 537 71 0 South-East Asia Bhutan Cambodia Indonesia Lao People’s Democratic Republic Myanmar Philippines Thailand Timor-Leste Source: WHO, World Malaria Report, 2005 (Geneva, WHO, 2005), Annex table A 21. 5 cases per 1,000 population are included. Data refer to 2003, except for Indonesia where the latest data available were for 2002. 14 CHAPTER 2 Status of the ESCAP Region in Achieving Millennium Development Goals 4, 5 and 6 The Asian and Pacific region accounts for approximately 38 per cent of the number of clinically diagnosed cases of malaria globally but only 10 per cent of the fatal cases.

Corruption can occur at any stage: from the time national health agencies and procurement officials place orders to that when manufacturers and doctors or pharmacists become involved. For example, pharmaceutical companies may bribe procurement officials to purchase substandard or overpriced drugs. Also, doctors can unethically select and promote suboptimum or more expensive drugs/tests in exchange for kickbacks or they may sell drugs that should be dispensed free of cost (Vian, 2005). (b) Provision of services by health professionals at the point of delivery.

Health-information systems are also important because they can be used to assess the impacts of policies and interventions. The establishment of effective disease-surveillance mechanisms helps to identify epidemiological outbreaks, monitor and respond to them in an appropriate, efficient and prompt manner. The outbreaks of SARS and avian influenza clearly illustrate the importance of having efficient surveillance and an early warning system in place. Health-information systems detect health and disease trends, allow better responses, and are key to improving the efficiency of health systems Many developing countries in the region lack the capacity to put in place systematic health-surveillance systems.

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