Human Resources

Academia's Golden Age: Universities in Massachusetts, by Richard M. Freeland

By Richard M. Freeland

This ebook examines the evolution of yank universities through the years following international battle II. Emphasizing the significance of swap on the campus point, the e-book combines a basic attention of nationwide tendencies with an in depth examine of 8 varied universities in Massachusetts. The 8 are Harvard, M.I.T., Tufts, Brandeis, Boston college, Boston collage, Northeastern and the collage of Massachusetts. large analytic chapters study significant advancements like growth, the increase of graduate schooling and examine, the professionalization of the college, and the decline of common schooling. those chapters additionally evaluation criticisms of academia that arose within the overdue Nineteen Sixties and the destiny of varied reform proposals throughout the Seventies. extra chapters concentrate on the 8 campuses to demonstrate the forces that drove other forms of institutions--research universities, college-centered universities, city deepest universities and public universities--in responding to the conditions of the postwar years.

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The charters issued to Tufts, Amherst, and Holy Cross all prohibited degrees in medicine. When Capen's Tufts sought relief in order to merge with the Boston College of Physicians and Surgeons, a representative from Harvard appeared before the legislature to oppose the change.

In doing so, he stretched his campus beyond its physical and organizational capacities, creating problems that would dominate the administrations of his successors. The impact of the academic marketplace on Northeastern was even more fundamental. From the beginning, the offerings of the Evening Institute were determined by Speare's eclectic, business-oriented approach to academic innovation. T. that had the firmest hold on a steady stream of applicants as well as a reliable base of monetary support that limited their dependence on tuition.

S natural relationship with the nation's industrial executives, many of them alumni. 's president parlayed that shared perception into large contributions, especially from Coleman du Pont and George Eastman. 's chief constituency in terms of this new elite. When financial pressures heightened after the war, he turned to industrial leaders once again, this time proposing formal links between the Institute and corporate sponsors. 18 Though Maclaurin suffered an early death in 1920, the Technology Plan sustained a new stream of activity during the postwar decade under his successors Ernest Nichols and Samuel Stratton.

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