Marxism

A History of Marxian Economics, Volume 2: 1929-1990 by M. C. Howard, John E. King

By M. C. Howard, John E. King

Follows on from the 1st quantity which handled the interval from the demise of Marx in 1883 to 1929. From 1930 onmwards the emphasis for theoretical research started to shift westwards, in order that within the post-war period the heartland of Marxian political economic climate lay in Western Europe and North the USA. New difficulties additionally arose during this interval, and parts of Marx's economics which had prior got scant cognizance have been elavated to bigger prominance. additionally after 1929 theoretical advancements in Marxian economics grew to become indifferent from profitable innovative perform. 1929 was once a yr of substantial promise for Marxism. within the East, Stalin secured the seizure of strength in 1917 by way of wearing via a "revolution from above" which created a brand new mode of creation, swiftly sped up financial improvement, and gave delivery to a brand new orthodoxy. within the West, the onset of the nice melancholy promised the industrial cave in of capitalism and the finishing of Soviet isolation. "A heritage of Marxian Economics quantity 2, 1929-1990" takes an outline of Marxian economics, outlining the main major strategies, the incorporation of Keynesian concept into Marxism, in addition to tackling the recent theories of Imperialism and finishing with an research of present controversies in economics and their hyperlinks to a Marxist idea.

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3. K. Kautsky, 'Um die Einheit', Vorwiirts 11 October 19314. K. Kautsky, introduction lO the 3rd ed of his The Prolelarian Revolution, published as 'Die Proletarische RevolulÍon', Der Kampf, 24 (1931), pp. 292-7. 5. W. Oottschalch, Strukturveriinderungen der Gesellschaft und Poli/isches Handeln in der Lehre von Rudolf Hilferding (Berlin: Drucker & Humblot, 1962), p. 196; cf. Bleaney, Rise and Fall, Ch. 2; A. Sturmthal, The Tragedy of European Lobour 1918-1939 (London: Gollancz, 1944), pp. A. Gales, 'Oerman Socialism and the Crisis of 1929-33', Central Europea/!

1978), p. 56; F. Sternberg, 'Conversations with Trotsky'. Survey 47 (1963), pp. 146-59. For a trenchant critique of Trotsky on this question see G. Hodgson. TrOlsky and Fatalistic Marxian EconomislS and ¡he Grea¡ Depression 21 Marxism (Nottingham: Spokesman Books, 1975), pp. 22-7 and J. Molyneux, Leol! Trolsky's Theory 01 Revolulion (Hassocks: Harvester, 1981), pp. 175-9. 15. Sweezy, Theory, pp. 214-36; cf. H. Hansen, 'Economic Progress and Declining Population Growth', American Economic Review 29, [939, pp.

31 At the same time, Stalin argued, the Len Opposition had failed to recognise the strengths of the Russian revolution ¡tself. It was precísely uneven development (in the Leninist sense) that allowed 'socialism in one country', as Lenin had realised as early as 1915 and confirmed in his last writings. The divisions within imperialism could be used to ensure temporary peace for the Soviet Union, during which jI could build socialism on ¡ts home ground. Íon in proper perspective. He argued that the contradictions of capitalíst enclrclement could be partitíoned into internal and external dímensions.

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